The Guillotine Choke is a chokehold in martial arts applied from in front of the opponent. The choke involves using the arms to encircle the opponent's neck in a fashion similar to a guillotine. The technique is either a type of tracheal compression restraint that prevents air flow to the lungs, or a blood choke depending on how it is applied. When executed from the ground, the person applying it will try to control the opponent by the hips, for instance using a closed guard. This is done to prevent the opponent from escaping the hold, and to be able to apply additional pressure by extending the hips. This choke can also be performed from Full Mount or even Standing. Typically when this submission is applied it is better to have "no arms in", meaning the opponent does not have an arm stuck through your armpit making you have to encircle his arm to perform the choke. When they do get an "arm in" (called an arm-in guillotine), it is still possible to finish, just a little more difficult. Instead of extending your hips basically trying to stretch out the opponent's neck, it is better to stay tight to their shoulders and squeeze with your arms, pulling the opponent's head into your chest to finish an arm-in guillotine. UFC fighters Joe Stevenson and Dan Miller are notorious for their guillotine chokes.
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