An Armbar (sometimes called a straight armbar) is a joint lock that hyperextends the elbow joint. It is typically applied by placing the opponent's extended arm at the elbow over a fulcrum such as an arm, leg, or hip, and controlling the opponent's body while leveraging the arm over the fulcrum. It is used in various grappling martial arts, including Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Catch Wrestling, Judo, Jiu-Jitsu and is one of the most common ways to win a match in mixed martial arts competition. The technique has several variations, with the best known and most effective in competition being the juji-gatame (Cross Armlock). The juji-gatame is so common, that "armbar" is often used synonymously with juji-gatame.
The English word "bar" is used here to signify the opponent's extended arm, while the Japanese word "juji" refers to the armbar's visual resemblance to the number 10 as written in Kanji. The word juji is also found in "juujika", meaning a cross.
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